While this dish requires time to create, it is certainly well worth the effort.
But to make it worthwile, plan on making it for 6-8 people.
Lulu's Recipe for Bouillabaisse prepared by Richard Olney (reproduced here from Lulu's book "Lulu's Provençal Table" by Richard Olney and a forward by by Alice Waters. With permission by Lulu Peyraud).
With the exception of the Anglerfish, all the fish in Lulu's bouillabaisse are whole. She counts 2.0 minutes from the time the potatoes and mussels are added. Because most of the filleted fish will require shorter cooking, I (Richard Olney) have adjusted the timing.
History of Bouillabaisse>>
Find fish to use in your area>>
Additional useful resources & recipes>>
2 pounds anglerfish, filleted, trimmed of flabby membranes and belly flaps (reserve for soup), and cut into 8 sections
4 pounds fillets of white-fleshed saltwater fish (click here), cut into serving portions (Lulu: "8 rascasses, 5 weevers, 3 each of 2. or 3 other varietieswrasses, combers, John Dory, etc.")
1 bouquet of fresh wild fennel or several sections fennel stalk, or a large pinch of powdered fennel seed
About 1/8 teaspoon powdered saffron
4 to 5 garlic cloves, crushed and peeled
About 4 tablespoons olive oil
4 tablespoons olive oil
1 large onion, sliced or coarsely chopped
1 head garlic, cloves separated and each crushed with heel of hand or beneath a large knife blade
2 tomatoes, quartered
2 to 3 pounds reserved fish heads and carcasses, gills removed, rinsed, and chopped or broken into small pieces (Lulu: "2 pounds soupe"small, whole, ungutted soup fish)
1 thick slice (about 1/2 pound) Conger eel (if available), cut into small pieces
8 small, lively blue crabs (Lulu: "8 favouilles")
3 quarts water
salt and pepper
1 bouquet of fennel, or 1 teaspoon fennel seeds
1 leek, trimmed of tough green parts, partially slit, rinsed, and finely sliced
1 celery branch, sliced
2 carrots, peeled and finely sliced
1 cup fresh bread crumbs (without crusts)
1/4 teaspoon powdered saffron dissolved in 2 or 3 tablespoons hot fish soup
2 dried cayenne peppers, or a large pinch of powdered cayenne
Large pinch of coarse salt
3 garlic cloves, peeled
1 anglerfish liver, poached for a minute in a ladle offish soup, until firmed up but still pink
1 egg yolk
About 2 cups olive oil, at room temperature
1/4 teaspoon saffron
8 medium potatoes (about 2 pounds), peeled and quartered
1 large sweet white onion, sliced paper-thin
2 tomatoes, peeled, seeded, and coarsely chopped
4 to 5 garlic cloves, crushed and peeled
1 bouquet of fennel (use the fennel from the marinade), or a large pinch of fennel seeds tied in a piece of cheesecloth
1 1/2 pounds mussels, soaked in water with a handful of coarse sea salt, scraped, bearded, and rinsed
24 thin slices of crusty elongated French bread (baguette), preferably sour dough (pain au levain), partially dried out in a slow oven or, on a hot clear day, in the sun, stroked on each side with peeled garlic cloves
For the Fish:
Spread the pieces of fish out on a platter, distribute the fennel branches among them or sprinkle with the powdered fennel seed, sprinkle with saffron, add the fragmented crushed garlic, and dribble olive oil all over. Turn the fish around and over several times in its marinade, rubbing the surfaces gently until evenly yellowed with saffron and coated with oil. Marinate for a couple of hours, turning the fish over two or three times, while preparing the fish soup and the rouille.
For the fish soup:
In a large heavy pot, warm the olive oil over medium-low heat, add the onion and the crushed, unpeeled garlic cloves, and stir regularly with a wooden spoon until the onion is softened but not colored. Add the tomatoes, the broken-up heads and carcasses, and the cut-up conger eel, raise the heat to medium, and stir regularly, mashing with the spoon or a wooden pestle, until the contents of the pot are reduced to a coarse debris. Add the live crabs and stir until they turn red. Pour over water to cover generously, stir to make certain nothing is sticking to the pot, bring the water to a boil over medium-high heat, and skim the foam from the surface. Add salt, pepper, fennel, leek, celery, and carrots. Adjust the heat to maintain a light boil, lid ajar, for 45 minutes. After 5 or 10 minutes, remove the crabs, one or two at a time, to a marble mortar. Pound them with a wooden pestle, breaking up the shells thoroughly, and spoon them back into the soup. Rinse out the mortar with a ladle of soup and pour it back into the pot.
Remove the bouquet of fennel and pass the contents of the pot, a couple of ladles at a time, through a fine sieve into a large bowl, pressing with the wooden pestle to extract the liquid without passing any of the debris into the puree. Spoon the pressed debris from the sieve, discard it, and pour the sieved soup into another bowl before beginning again. "When all the soup has been passed, rinse the sieve, making certain that no tiny fish bones remain, and pass the soup again, loosely, shaking the sieve gently, to separate the broth from any pureed solids or fish bones that may have passed through the first time.
For the Rouille:
Put the bread crumbs in a bowl and, with a fork, mash them with the dissolved saffron, adding a bit more fish soup, if necessary, to form a loose paste. In a mortar, pound the cayenne peppers to a powder with a wooden pestle. Add the coarse salt and the garlic, pound to a paste, add the anglerfish liver, and pound to a consistent thick smooth paste. Add the egg yolk and the saffron-bread paste and turn briskly with the pestle until the mixture is smooth and homogenous. Mount it like a mayonnaise, adding the oil in a thin trickle to the side of the mortar, while turning constantly with the pestle.
Reheat the fish soup, dissolve the saffron in a ladle of boiling soup, and stir it in. Add the potatoes, onion, tomatoes, garlic, and fennel and return to a boil. Five minutes later, add the mussels, then the marinated pieces of anglerfish. Five minutes later, add the remaining fish and boil for 10 minutes longer (boiling produces a liaison between the broth and the olive oil}.
With a large, flat, slotted skimming spoon or a spider, lift the pieces of fish onto a large heated platter, the mussels and potatoes onto another platter (never mind if they get a bit mixed up), and ladle part of the broth into a heated soup tureen, leaving the remainder over heat for the second servings. At table, smear garlic crusts thickly with rouille, place a couple of crusts in each soup plate, and pour over a ladle of soup. In separate plates (or the same), serve potatoes, mussels, and fish; pass the rouille and the broth.
Yield: 6-8 servings
For this and other fabulous Provencal recipes from Lulu's kitchen, you can by her book "Lulu's Provençal Table" by Richard Olney here>>
Choosing fish and substitutes:
"First, you must find the rascasse (scorpion fish) or other member of the Scorpaenidae family. Scorpion fish are sometimes sold fresh in ethnic fish stores, but one is likely to find, at times, excellent rascasse substitutes in North Atlantic and Pacific Scorpaenidae such as blue- mouth, redfish (ocean perch), rockfish, and sculpin. Other excellent-tasting fish with similar flesh textures will also work well, fish such as wolffish (ocean catfish), striped bass, sea bass, red snapper, grouper, wreckfish, tautog (blackfish), and tilefish. Without getting into too much detail, one reason the rascasse tastes good is its diet among the rocks of the deep waters it inhabits. The taste of scorpion fish can be approximated by using a combination of redfish (ocean perch), the fish closest in taste, or wolffish (ocean catfish), grouper, red mullet or snapper, or dogfish (Cape shark) in a one-to-one ratio for the amount of rascasse called for."
While the only authentic Bouillabaisse uses the fish from the Mediterranean, Bouillabaisse is essenctially a fish stew, and is still delicious made other varieties of fish. But in choosing other fish, keep in mind that the stew basically uses 2 parts firm white fleshed fish to 1 part "oily" fish like Mackerel or Mahi-Mahi. Link to the full article which includes another recipe click here >>
Also, the authentic Bouillabaisse is served in two parts; one is the broth in the bowl with the croutes and often with potatoes, then the fish itself is served on a platter from which you help yourself and add your choice of fish to the broth in your bowl.
The choice of wine depends on your own tastes in wine as well as the power of the garlic and saffron you like to use in the dish. But a decent white or better yet, a good rosé are excellent choices. I am sure that if you can find a Domaine Tempier you will love it!
You can buy Domaine Tempier wines in the US at:
The Wine Cask, 813 Anacapa St., Santa Barbara, CA 93103. Web Site
Kermit Lynch Wine Merchant, 1605 San Pablo Ave., Berkeley, CA 94702. Web Site